EGALITARIAN "BILL OF RIGHTS"

In every local community (typically a region with, very loosely, about 40,000 residents) the egalitarians in that community, meeting in their Local Assembly (to which all resident egalitarians have a right to belong, as equals with all others), are the sovereign power. There is no "higher" body of government or document that they are obliged to obey.

Egalitarians want society to be based on equality (no rich and no poor) and mutual aid (people help each other). Such people usually want society to be arranged so that people are happy too. To accomplish all of these goals, egalitarians may very well create a document they intend to obey, a document that identifies the rights of individuals relative to the sovereign Local Assembly of egalitarians. These documents may vary from one local community to another. 

There is no single "correct" egalitarian document to replace the Bill of Rights or the United Nation's Universal Declaration of Human Rights or the French Revolution's Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. The principles and rights stated in these documents are certainly very important for egalitarians to study and evaluate with respect to their value and appropriateness in a society ruled by egalitarians aiming to abolish class inequality. But it is important also to recognize that the rulers who wrote these documents, unlike egalitarians, accepted the rightness of class inequality (some rich and some poor).

Here is a possibly incomplete list of principles that I (John Spritzler, the editor of this website), personally, think should be honored in an egalitarian society.

  1. All human beings have the same rights.

  2. People have the right to join their Local Assembly and be an equal with all other members of it, but only for the purpose of shaping society by the egalitarian values of equality (no rich and no poor) and mutual aid (people helping each other); any person clearly motivated by a contrary aim may be excluded from membership in the Local Assembly.

  3. Nobody in a local community is obliged to obey any authority other than that community's Local Assembly or authorities derived from delegation by that Local Assembly.

  4. People have the right to leave (if not lawfully incarcerated) any local community and the right to return to their local community of birth.

  5. No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest or detention, i.e., in a manner that is not in compliance with formal explicit policies determined by and made public by the Local Assembly.

  6. People have the right, when accused of a crime, to be considered innocent until proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt in a formal public court of law using fair rules of evidence in which a randomly selected jury of egalitarians decides (however they wish) if the defendant is guilty or not guilty, and the defendant may not be compelled to be a witness against himself or herself.

  7. No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

  8. People have the right of freedom (e.g., to speak and publish by any technical mode, associate with others [or not, as they wish], choose and practice a religion [or not, as they wish], own personal property and use it as they wish, have personal privacy, marry and found a family [or not, as they wish], etc.) so long as the exercise of that freedom does not unjustly harm another person or promote the emergence, or strengthen the reality, of class inequality relations contrary to equality and mutual aid.

  9. People have the right to contribute to the sharing economy according to reasonable ability and in return to take--for free--products and services from the sharing economy according to reasonable need or desire or, in the case of scarce things, to have equal status when such things are equitably rationed according to need. People also have the right not to contribute to the sharing economy and thus forfeit permission to take from it for free. Everybody has the right to barter. Nobody has the right to use another person in a relationship of status inequality such as employer-employee or master-slave.

  10. People have the right to contest a decision by the Local Assembly that they are not contributing according to reasonable ability or that they are taking from the sharing economy more than according to reasonable need or desire (i.e., a decision that results in exclusion from the sharing economy), by presenting their case to the full Local Assembly (or relevant subcommittee if they prefer) and having it vote on the matter.

  11. People have the right to refuse to be in a militia or military organization in which they are required to obey militarily justified orders of elected superior officers.

  12. People have the right to bear arms for self-defense.

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