BERNIE SANDERS'S "OUR REVOLUTION" IS BOGUS
[Posted March 2, 2020]
How NOT to Remove the Rich from Power:
"U.S. Sen. Bernie Sanders, I-Vt., wouldn’t reveal just how high he’d raise income taxes on the rich during the Iowa presidential debate, but he guaranteed it wouldn’t be as much as it has been in the past." [The source is here.]
Click here to read why Sanders's statement that he won't tax the rich as much as they were taxed during the Eisenhower administration amounts to an admission that he intends to leave the rich billionaire class in power, which will enable it to continue treating ordinary people like dirt.
To truly solve the problems caused by class inequality, i.e. some rich and some poor, we need to aim for NO RICH AND NO POOR, as described here. This is a fundamental change, not a band aid reform such as taxing the billionaires a bit more!
[Posted August 4, 2016]
Bernie Sanders is now leading what he calls "Our Revolution." This is a bogus revolution because it does not advocate any fundamental change in our society (who has the real power and who doesn't) that would constitute a real revolution; it does not do what a real revolutionary movement does: explicitly advocate removing the rich from power to have real, not fake, democracy with NO RICH AND NO POOR. In failing to advocate having no rich and no poor this bogus "revolution" accepts a continuation of some rich and some poor, in other words it accepts the continuation of class inequality. It should be called "Our Reform"; reform movements are fine, but not the same as, or a substitute for, an explicitly egalitarian revolutionary movement.
Sanders says, in an email sent August 3, "We are building a new organization called Our Revolution. Our goal will be the same as in our campaign: we must work to transform American society by making our political and economic systems work for all of us, not just the 1 percent."
This obscures the fact that "our political and economic systems" CANNOT be made to "work for all of us, not just the 1 percent." Why not? Because these systems are based on capitalist principles that legitimize some people becoming very rich compared to others and legitimize money being power. These principles and systems based on them can work ONLY for the rich. A real revolution must replace these principles and systems with entirely different ones--egalitarian ones as described here--if we are to have genuine equality and democracy.
Likewise, the political and economic systems that a real revolution aims for do NOT work "for all of us, not just the 1 percent." Why not?
Because the values and interests of the 1% are the opposite of the values and interests of the great majority of Americans and what works for the latter cannot also work for the former. The goal of a real, i.e., egalitarian, revolution is to make society be the way the 1% will never willingly allow it to be, one where
#1) there is equality (meaning no rich and no poor) because the economy is based on "From each according to reasonable ability, to each according to need or reasonable desire and scarce things are equitably rationed according to need," and where
#2) there is genuine democracy because the only laws people must obey are those written by the local community's assembly of egalitarians and not by so-called "representatives" in a distant capital city and where
#3) larger scale order is achieved by voluntary federation, with mutual agreements between local communities and not with laws made by a central government easily taken over by an oppressive elite.
As long as our society is based on principles that legitimize some being rich while others who contribute reasonably according to ability are poor, it will be a society in which the few who are rich use their money (i.e., power) to get richer, and then more powerful, and then richer again, etc., until we end up back where we are today, a society with a 1% of people like the owners of Goldman Sachs exercising a dictatorship of the rich over the 99%.
A rich upper class (which Sanders's bogus revolution never even hints should be removed from power, i.e., deprived of its billions of dollars of undeserved wealth) must, to remain a rich upper class, treat ordinary people like dirt. When Sanders's bogus revolution gets what it aims for (which is only vague empty phrases designed to appeal to people who want a REAL [egalitarian] revolution), ordinary people will continue to be treated like dirt by the rich billionaire class and its obedient CEOs and politicians.
What kind of a revolution is led by a person who, as Sanders does, supports the racist violent ethnic cleansing of non-Jews by the billionaires--and the generals and politicians beholden to them--who control the Israeli government? Sanders (along with Senators Warren and Franken) voted for the Senate resolution supporting Israel's massacre of people in Gaza, a massacre that had no other purpose than to enforce the racist ethnic cleansing of non-Jews from the part of Palestine now called Israel. This ethnic cleansing is carried out by the ruling elite of Israel to create a bogeyman enemy--"Arabs and Muslims"--to keep ordinary Jews so frightened of that they will obey and submit to the Israeli ruling class that oppresses ordinary Israeli Jews but that pretends to be their protector against the "real enemy." Sanders, who supports this racist ethnic cleansing, cannot be taken seriously as a leader of a revolution against the 1%. The "revolution" Sanders leads is no more revolutionary than his support for racist ethnic cleansing.
Sanders wants us to forget what a real revolution's goal actually is. Sanders--knowingly or not--is playing the role of an agent of the ruling plutocracy, doing his best to make sure that the Americans who want no rich and no poor with real, not fake, democracy, never have a movement that aims explicitly for that goal, and hence never win that goal.
The reason good people settle for a bogus "revolution" is that they don't think a real egalitarian revolution is possible because they think most Americans are against such a revolution. The fact is exactly the opposite: the vast majority of Americans would LOVE it if there were an egaliltarian revolution (once they hear what egalitarianism is) and you can verify this for yourself; this is how.
BERNIE'S SPEECH ENDORSING CLINTON: FULL OF B.S.
[Posted July 13, 2016]
(Below this post is one from May, 2016 titled "President Bernie Sanders: What Would it Mean?")
Bernie said, "Together we have begun a political revolution to transform America and that revolution continues. Together we will continue to fight for a government which represents all of us and not just the one percent."
Why is this BS? It's BS because the values and aims of the "1%" (the billionaire class, the plutocracy, the oligarchy, the ruling class) are diametrically the opposite of the values and aims of the vast majority of people.
The 1% wants class inequality that allows 400 [note, it's now just 3] individual Americans to own more than half of all Americans combined. The 1% wants to divide and rule ordinary people, with lies and manipulation: to make whites fear blacks as criminals and to make blacks view whites as a racist oppressor class; to make Americans fear Muslims (by orchestrating 9/11 as an inside job to do it) and make Muslims hate Americans (by using drones to kill innocent Muslims and by supporting Israel's racist ethnic cleansing of Palestinians). The 1% treats ordinary Americans like dirt to cow us into submission and try to make us think we are less deserving than rich people. The 1% thinks ordinary people should be pitted against each other in dog-eat-dog competition to make us more easily controlled.
In contrast, ordinary Americans think that society should be shaped by the Golden Rule, that there should be no rich and no poor and that we should be helping each other and not competing against each other in a race to the bottom.
Anybody who says that a government could ever represent both the 1% and ordinary people is a LIAR. It's not possible. What IS possible is a government that represents the 1% and that PRETENDS to also represent the 99%. And this is what Bernie Sanders says is the goal of his "political revolution"! It's BS and that doesn't stand for Bernie Sanders.
If Bernie Sanders had been for a real revolution, he would never endorse Hillary Clinton. But he wasn't, and he did.
President Bernie Sanders: What Would it Mean?
(posted May, 2016)
[Also related: "Do Your Civic Duty and VOTE!"]
President Bernie Sanders! The very thought of such a thing gives many people hope for a better United States. It gives them hope that finally our country will be removed from the ruthless grip of the billionaire class who are making our society more and more brutally unequal. A President Bernie Sanders, many hope, will be a champion of ordinary people able to marshal the executive power of the federal government on the side of "We the People" for a change. What a wonderful thing THAT would be! Like a dream come true.
But is it dream and merely wishful thinking, or is it really possible? We don't mean, Is it merely wishful thinking that Bernie Sanders could be elected president? Maybe he could be. We mean, Is it merely wishful thinking that a President Bernie Sanders would turn our country around from the awful direction it has been going and usher in a new era in which we begin heading towards equality and genuine democracy instead of the virtual dictatorship of the rich we've been suffering under for so long?
Do We Live in a Democracy or an Oligarchy?
To believe that it is not just wishful thinking but a real possibility, one would have to believe that the election system of government in the United States is truly what we are told it is. One would have to believe, in other words, that the election system allows ordinary American citizens, merely by flipping a lever in a ballot booth, to choose people to truly and genuinely represent them (and not Big Money) in the Oval Office and in Congress. One would need to believe that these representatives would then write laws that truly and genuinely represent the values--equality and mutual aid--of the ordinary people who elected them and not the opposite values of Big Money. And one would need to believe that the president in the Oval Office would then execute these good laws as the vast majority of ordinary Americans want them to be executed.
But the reality is that we live in a dictatorship of the rich, in which the election system does not at all allow ordinary people to shape government policy. It's not just we claiming this. This is the conclusion of a widely cited academic paper reporting on a study with an enormous data base, online here and also here (Business Insider: "Major Study Finds the US is an Oligarchy") and here (TPM: "Princeton Study: US No Longer an Actual Democracy") and here (BBC: "Study: US Is an Oligarchy, Not a Democracy"). Additional proof is provided here.
The history of elections in the United States, if one actually studies it, makes it virtually impossible to believe that the election system is what we are told it is. If one examines the promises made by elected presidents versus what they actually did in office (as is done for all U.S. presidents from FDR to Obama in the article here, which we hope you will read before deciding how much faith to put in the election system), then one sees that there is simply no correlation between the promises and the actual behavior of the promissor once in office. The promises are what most voters want. The actual policies pursued, once the candidate is elected, are always very different. This holds equally for Democratic Party and Republican Party presidents. The only president since FDR who in any serious way went against the policies favored by Big Money was JFK, and he was assassinated by (according to very persuasive scholarship) the CIA.
The reason presidential candidates forget their campaign promises after being elected is not necessarily because they never intended to carry out their promises. Maybe they really do intend to do what they promise to do. (We think this is rare, but it can happen.) But whether the newly elected president wishes to honor his or her campaign promises or not, the reality is that he or she cannot do so if it means going against the will of the Billionaire class. The reality is that money is power, and the Billionaire class has the money.
The policies of the federal government are determined by private organizations set up by and controlled by the Billionaire class. These are restricted-membership organizations such as the Council on Foreign Relations (in which foreign policy is worked out in meetings where what is said by anybody is officially never revealed to the public, and from which organization practically all the top (i.e., Cabinet level or equivalent) government executives involved in implementing foreign policy come, no matter who is president) and the Committee for Economic Development (where domestic policy is worked out, for example market-driven health care, as described in this article) whose "members are chairs, CEOs and senior executives of major corporations; university and college presidents; former corporate leaders; and leaders of prominent NGOs.") There are other similar "think tank" organizations, such as the Trilateral Commission and the Brookings Institute, which, like the others, limit who may join them, and exercise enormous influence because they represent the billionaires. The Council on Foreign Relations was set up by the Rockefeller family and David Rockefeller later on founded the Trilateral Commission.
Not only is our government a dictatorship of the rich, but our whole society is also. Most Americans have to work for somebody else, as their "hired hand," and do what the boss orders them to do or else be fired. The boss in many cases is the section of the very wealthy class that owns the corporation one works for. There is not even a pretense of democracy "on the job." In a real democracy, people at work would, as equals, democratically decide on shared goals and ways of achieving them. But in our dictatorship of the rich, the goal of work is decided by the people who own the company and their goal is generally to make themselves richer off the labor of the workers. In this sense, most Americans are "wage slaves." Those who do the hardest work in our society are the poorest, and those who do the easiest work in great luxury (in fancy office buildings and five star hotels) or who do no work at all (like Alice Walton) are the richest. This is how it is when money is power and most people have practically none while a few are billionaires.
YES! We Can Turn the Country Around in the Right Direction
In order for a person, once elected to the presidency of the United States, to turn the country around and cause it to go in the direction opposite to the direction favored by the Billionaire class, the power of money would have to be rendered null. But the only thing that can do this is a fundamental social/economic/political revolution, carried out by literally hundreds of millions of people where they live and work, that aims EXPLICITLY to remove the rich from power and to render the power of money null by having no rich and no poor (a moneyless society, as described here). Such a revolution is NOT a pipe dream; it is NOT just wishful thinking. In the years from 1936 to 1939 such a social revolution took place in half of Spain (it is called the Spanish Civil War in the text books, but it was actually an egalitarian revolution led mainly by anarchist, not Marxist, ideas.) An egalitarian revolution is indeed possible in the United States, because it is in fact what the vast majority of Americans would LOVE. The proof that most Americans would love such a revolution can be seen from the fact that when one actually asks random people on the street what they think about the idea of removing the rich from power to have real not fake democracy with no rich and no poor, they say it is a great idea. (To see videos of people on the street saying this, watch this video, and see other similar ones here).
To make an egalitarian revolution requires building an egalitarian revolutionary movement, as discussed here. In order for people to build such a movement they need to know two important things: #1) that most Americans today already would love an egalitarian revolution to take place; and #2) that simply voting in an election cannot make an egalitarian revolution.
The Billionaires Use Elections to Stay in Power
The ruling class (the Billionaire class) works very hard to make sure that people do not know the #1 and #2 facts cited above. Regarding the #1 fact, the rulers use their control of the mass media and the alternative media (such as Democracy Now!) to make sure that Americans never see or hear their fellow Americans saying they would love to remove the rich from power to have real not fake democracy with no rich and no poor. Even though most Americans feel this way, their egalitarian revolutionary aspirations are rendered invisible to their fellow Americans by the mass and alernative media literally censoring them. As a result, most Americans feel that, in having revolutionary egalitarian aspirations, they are a hopelessly weak and small minority, and therefore it is pointless to even think about egalitarian revolution, never mind talk about it (and risk scorn) or act upon it. Given this hopelessness, people reluctantly "hold their nose" and vote for the "lesser evil."
Regarding the #2 fact, the rulers use politicians making wonderful promises to keep people thinking that they can make the government do good things just by voting for this or that candidate for president. As long as people have faith in the fairy tale Big Lie that elections allow us to control the government, then they will be far less willing to do what it takes to build a mass revolutionary egalitarian movement. The angrier people are at the policies of the Billionaire class, the more radical and even revolutionary the promises of a politician must be in order to maintain people's faith in the election system.
The question, therefore, is not whether one will vote for Bernie Sanders or not. The question is whether one will work to build an egalitarian revolutionary movement or not. But, let's be realististic. To the extent that one places one's hope in Bernie Sanders and the election system, and to the extent that one tells other people to place their hope in Bernie Sanders and the election system (i.e., campaign for him), then to that extent one is helping the ruling class prevent the growth of an egalitarian revolutionary movement--the only thing that can remove the Billionaire class from power.
What about Bernie Sanders's Platform and Views?
Up to now, we have not assumed anything negative about Bernie Sanders's personal integrity, because that is not the main issue in deciding whether or not to vote and campaign for him. But, even though it is not the main issue, it is an issue. So let's look at Bernie Sanders, the man and his platform and views.
The most striking fact about Bernie Sanders is that he supports the Israeli government's policy of refusing to allow the Palestinian refugees (from the 78% of Palestine now known as Israel) to return to live in that part of Palestine from which they (or, now, their parents and grandparents) were violenty driven out in 1948 and again in 1967 (and are continuing to be driven out.) The Israeli government uses the violent removal of non-Jews from Israel to ensure that Jews will be a robust majority of the population inside Israel, on the specious grounds that Jews cannot live safely among non-Jews.
The Israeli government's refusal to let the Palestinian refugees return (and be equal under the law with Jews and be properly compensated for the theft by Zionists of their property) is the #1 grievance of Palestinians; it is the very definition of ethnic cleansing and it is the root of the conflict. Sanders's refusal to support the right of return of the Palestinian refugees (which in international law is an individual right that cannot be negotiated away by any third party) puts him in opposition to any possibility of a just resolution of the conflict, notwithstanding his rhetoric about the importance of "respecting the Palestinians as human beings" or seeking peace with a "two state solution."
What the Israeli government refers to as "the existence of Israel" and (the need to do whatever is necessary to protect) "the security of Israel" is code for the ethnic cleansing of non-Jews from 78% of Palestine; it has nothing to do with the safety and welfare of ordinary Jews in Israel. To see that this is so, it is only necessary to consider that if Israel ended the ethnic cleansing (by allowing the Palestinian refugees to return), made non-Jews and Jews equal under the law, and fairly compensated Palestinians for property stolen from them by the Israeli government (which would indeed mean the end of Israel as a "Jewish state"; so what?), then the Palestinians would no longer have a grievance against Israel and the conflict would end and ordinary Jews inside Israel would be FAR safer than they are today. Even if some individual Palestinians continued to advocate violence against Jews, they would now be considered criminals by the vast majority of ordinary Palestinians, whose anger at Israel is anger against ethnic cleansing, not anti-Semitism. (Before the Zionist movment linked Judaism with ethnic cleansing, Jews and non-Jews in Palestine lived peaceably together, contrary to the Big Lie that Jews and Muslims in Palestine have been fighting for thousands of years.) But a just resolution of the conflict is the very last thing that Israeli and American rulers want.
A just resolution of the conflict does not happen because both the Israeli and American ruling classes have a social-control strategic reason (Israel's ethnic cleansing creates the bogeyman enemy that their Orwellian Wars of social control need in order to work) for supporting Israel's brutally violent and decades-long ethnic cleansing, which reason is discussed in the articles titled "The Israel Lobby's Power Comes from the American Ruling Class" and "Israeli Leaders and Hamas Need Each Other." Every serious American politician, Jewish or not, supports Israel because they know that this is presently a condition for gaining the status of "serious politician" in the mass media controlled by the ruling class. Expressing support for Israel is the way a politician indicates to the ruling class that he or she is not REALLY trying to remove the ruling plutocracy (oligarchy) from power, no matter what else they may say on the campaign trail.
And so Bernie Sanders supports Israel's "right to exist" and "right to defend itself."* The Jewish Forward reported on Bernie Sanders's views on Israel here. The article explains that Sanders tries to avoid talking about Israel, and has been critical of specific actions of the Israeli government, but points out:
“I know he’s often rated as the most liberal senator,” said Aaron Keyak, a Democratic political consultant and the managing director of Bluelight Strategies. “When I see Senator Bernie Sanders, I see someone who is a typical pro-Israel Jewish Democrat....He prefers for Israel to have a left of center government, but he still fundamentally supports Israel.”
When pressed at a town hall meeting to condemn Israel's ethnic cleansing (not just its "disproportionate" use of force in carrying it out) forthrightly, Sanders got angry, as reported here.
Sanders supported Israel's brutal massacre of civilians in Gaza (more than 70% of whom are refugees Israel does not allow to return to their villages inside the "Israel" part of Palestine) by supporting the Senate resolution "Supporting Israel's right to defend itself against Hamas," as Sanders's own website here reports:
"Israel-Palestine The Senate last week passed a resolution without a formal roll call vote by unanimous consent supporting Israel’s right to defend itself against rocket attacks from Hamas. Writing for Salon, David Palumbo-Liu noted that Sen. Sanders “voted” for the resolution which actually passed without a vote. LINK"
David Palumbo-Liu writes here:
"Sen. Lindsay Graham, R-S.C., a co-sponsor of the resolution, was absolutely right when he said, “The United States Senate is in Israel’s camp.”
"For many outside the U.S. Senate, the discovery that even progressive stalwarts such as Bernie Sanders, I-Vermont, Elizabeth Warren, D-Mass., and Al Franken, D-Minn., voted for the resolution is more than disappointing. It does more than confirm U.S. Senate support for Israel. It pushes that statement beyond any rational or ethical or moral framework imaginable.
"The resolution not only gave the green light to the invasion—it gave the IDF a high-five and armaments as they crossed the intersection. All this after more than 400 civilians already had been killed by Israeli forces, the vast majority of them children. It was as if that bloodshed were not of a sufficient quantity."
On domestic issues, Bernie Sanders, despite whatever he means by calling himself a democratic socialist, absolutely does not say that the rich should be removed from power. On the contrary, he says that they should ease up on how terribly they treat regular people. One can examine Sanders's own websites (and recent statement of "What do we want?") and never find even a hint that the rich should be deprived of the power that they have as a result of personally owning (illigitimately!) billions of dollars of wealth. Nothing that Bernie Sanders advocates would change the fact that Americans would remain wage slaves, working for a wealthy class as its "hired hands" with no say over the goals of their work (for example, to make "guns or butter").
Yes, Sanders advocates "Getting Big Money Out of Politics." But this is eyewash. Campaign finance legislation--no matter how "stiff"--will never remove the rich from power because such legislation does not remove the rich from their money. Here's why removing the rich from their money (i.e., having a society not based on money) is so important.
The power of the billionaire class comes from their billions of dollars and the fact that in our society money is power. Money is the power to buy and control newspapers and radio stations, and determine whether or not they report that Joe Shmoe is a serious and responsible politician or a lunatic dangerous kook. Money is the power to offer a senator (or senator's spouse or child or friend) a cushy job or not, depending on how loyal a friend the senator is. Money is the power to tell a community that if it doesn't provide a sweetheart tax break to a corporation then the corporation will leave town and the community will lose jobs. Money is the power that enables billionaires like Bill and Melinda Gates to determine how our children will be treated in our public schools, specifically how the poorest and most working class children will be abused and told (with high stakes standardized tests that give the poorest and most working class children the low scores) that they are not deserving of a good-paying job. And the list goes on and on. Writing a law that limits how much money somebody can donate to a campaign may help to disguise the dictatorship of the rich, but it does not diminish its power.
Why Is the "Democratic Socialist" Sanders Portrayed So Respectfully in the Capitalist Media?
Bernie Sanders is calling for some things that Americans want very much, such as medicare for all. Why does the ruling class let him do this and still treat him respectfully in their capitalist-owned mass media? American history suggests why.
There are times in American history when some Americans have won some important improvements. During the 1930s the American working class waged extremely militant strikes, sometimes regional general strikes that the media and people in FDR's administration claimed were virtual revolutionary insurrections. The federal government used federal troops against workers in every region of the country. FDR and his wealthy class as a whole literally feared revolution. This is why FDR decided it was necessary to grant reforms (such as Social Security and unemployment compensation), to persuade the working class that they didn't need to make a revolution to live decently. The point is that the reforms were granted not because FDR was president, but because the ruling class faced an increasingly revolutionary working class and judged that they needed to grant reforms to stay in power. Likewise, in the 1960s the Civil Rights Movement waged a ferocious fight in the streets to abolish Jim Crow, and it gained the support of most Americans for that just cause. THIS is the reason why the politicians at the time, who just happened to include LBJ--a man who directed the horrendous killing of about two million Vietnamese peasants for no just cause whatsoever!--passed the Civil Rights Act. They feared the consequences of not passing it. The politician in the Oval Office is not the cause of the government doing something that people want it to do; the cause is the people in the street.**
The fact that at one point a majority of Americans supported the Occupy Wall Street movement, and other similar facts, have made something very clear to the American ruling class. The rulers now realize that in order to prevent the growing numbers of dissaffected Americans from starting to think that it is necessary to make an egalitarian revolution, there need to be at least some politicians who, in their rhetoric and promises, address the concerns of these Americans. That is why almost all politicians today, as never before, talk about the problem of inequality. They need to do this in order to maintain "street cred." They need to do this in order to prevent people from deciding that elections are just a hoax and revolution is necessary.
The more disillusioned with the system and angry at the Billionaire class Americans get, the more radical and revolutionary the politicians' rhetoric and promises need to be. At the same time, these politicians (if they wish to maintain their good standing in the mass media) need to be only as radical as necessary, but no more so. This perhaps explains why Bernie Sanders advocates things like medicare for all, and in general says the rich should ease up on people, but does not call for building an egalitarian revolutionary movement to remove the rich from power and have no rich and no poor. At this time, his "radical-lite" rhetoric is judged sufficient to keep people believing in the election system.
If there ever is a President Bernie Sanders, all of the evidence indicates that within a few years the people who voted for him will be as angry at him and regretful of being decieved by him as people who voted for Barack Obama are today angry at him and regretful of being deceived by him. Because the fundamental role of the federal government will continue to be to serve the Billionaire class, its policies will continue to anger most people, despite the presence of a Bernie Sanders in the Oval Office. The choice for Americans will remain what it has always been: either suffer to live as wage slaves*** in a dictatorship of the rich that gives a bit more one day only to take it back the next****, or make an egalitarian revolution to live as free and equal citizens in a genuine democracy.
* This video shows Bernie Sanders answering a question about Israel. Sanders makes it clear that he has the same view about Israel that Barack Obama has and, for that matter, that George W. Bush and George H. W. Bush had, which is that Israel should stop expanding its settlements in the West Bank in order to make possible a "two-state solution." The "two-state solution" means flat-out denial of the Right of Return of the Palestinian refugees to the 78% of Palestine known today as Israel. The denial of this right is far and away the #1 grievance of the Palestinians. Refusing to grant the Right of Return means perpetuating the conflict at its root by continuing the ethnic cleansing of non-Jews from 78% of Palestine.
** President Nixon's actions illustrate this. He was a notorious conservative and a hawk. Yet it was Nixon who withdrew--ignominously--from Vietnam. Why? Was it because he had changed into a dove? No. It was because American GIs were by this time (1975) refusing to obey orders to fight the Viet Cong, as the military brass well knew and had informed Nixon. (Read more about this here and here.) Nixon was arguably the most liberal president of that century: he initiated Affirmative Action, strongly supported Head Start and similar “war on poverty” programs, and even considered having the government provide a guaranteed minimum wage. Why? Was it because he had turned into a liberal? No. It was because, at the time of his administration, people "in the street" were, in the judgment of the plutocracy, best controlled by such measures (the carrot rather than the stick.)
*** "How the Unions Killed the Working Class Movement" discusses how a real "political revolution" (Bernie Sander's new rhetorical phrase) is about ending wage slavery, not getting a higher minimum wage.
**** Whenever the Billionaire class has made concessions to popular demands by people "in the streets" in order to stave off the growth of a more revolutionary movement, it has always used its power to take back what it gave, in one way or another. For example, the rulers yielded to the 1960s Civil Rights Movement and abolished Jim Crow (overtly racist) laws, only to institute the "New Jim Crow" of racist incarceration, as discussed here. The rulers yielded to the earlier huge labor strikes (like the great Flint Sit-Down Strike) in the 1930s demanding the right to have labor unions, only to turn the unions into agents of the employers to control the workers, as discussed here. The rulers yielded to the 19th century battles of workers for the 8 Hour Day, only to lower wages and force many Americans to work (often in two jobs) more than 8 hours and also to force both parents to work in the waged labor force when previously only one could support the family by doing wage labor. This is why we need to remove the Billionaire class from power, not just win this or that reform.